In ancient Athens, figs had their place of honor, with cultivation being done naturally. Their export was strictly prohibited. He who pointed out the perpetrator of the export, received a fee and was called a sycophant (the one that shows the figs).
Demetra, the goddess of agriculture, when she was informed of the disappearance of her daughter Persephone, who was abducted by Mars, left Olympus. Transformed as an old woman, she descended to earth, being very angry at the loss of her daughter she stopped the earth from producing fruit. At Eleusis, King Celeus hosted her. In return for his hospitality, he allowed the fig tree to grow and taught him the mysteries of her worship, which later became known as the “Eleusinian Mysteries”. Hence the opinion of the Athenians that the fig tree comes from Attica.
According to history, one of the many reasons Xerxes wanted to conquer Greece was the famous figs, especially those of Attica.
Even Homer referring to Odysseus, says that in order to make his father Laertes believe that he was indeed his son, he reminded him that he had given him “forty figs”.